Something I discovered was a trigger for me was the fact that I am an Empath (derived from “empathy” or “empathize”). Beginning to understand empathic ability has helped me function better around people and have less seizures. An Empath or someone who is an Intuitive Empath is a person who can feel other people’s emotions. Sounds like Science Fiction but everyone has this ability on some level. Some people just have it more strongly. This can be confusing and overwhelming. It is often the cause of anxiety and depression. Empaths feel other peoples emotions as their own at first, but with practice can begin to differentiate between their emotions, and someone else’s. This is a good test to see if you may be Empathic.
Here is a couple interesting articles linking childhood abuse to PNES from Psychosomatic Medicine Journal of BioBehavioral Medicine
Non Epileptic Attack Disorder: The FactsNon Epileptic Seizures resemble epileptic seizures superficially but are not associated with epileptic activity in the brain. Non Epileptic Seizures (NES) are interpreted as an unconscious response to psychological distress and as such are beyond the control of the person suffering from them.
Studies indicate that the incidence of NEAD is around 3 people per 100,000 per year England alone. However, given the setting of these studies in neurology centres and the fact that only video/EEG-proven cases were counted, this is very likely to be a considerable underestimate.
According to an article by PNES specialist, Dr. Marcus Reuber (2008), 90% of PNES sufferers have a history of trauma. Not surprisingly, many present with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This means that they have intrusive symptoms (e.g. nightmares, memories), avoidance behavior (of reminders), and hyperarousal symptoms (e.g. startle response, hypervigilance for danger).